A Reflection of Reactions

I’ve always enjoyed films, not only for their content, but for the reactions they evoke in audiences who watch them.I believe film and the cinema itself to be one of the greatest outlets for human and artistic expression. So when I was initially brainstorming ideas for a media project, I knew I wanted to focus my project on film in one form or another. My original idea was inspired by week five’s topic ‘Cinemas- Strangers in Public’. I was also influenced by two other sources; Gogglebox, a reality show where audiences react to different  television shows, and Shia LeBouf’s artistic project #allmymovies in which he watched all his own movies, back to back on a 10 hour live stream (luckily I didn’t subject my participants to this!) . For my initial project I wanted to record participants reactions to different genres of film and analyse how they acted within the cinematic space.

However, upon discussion within my tutorial group I realised how broad my topic was and how difficult it would be to achieve in such a short period of time. Another member of my tutorial expanded upon my original idea, suggesting that I still record and analyse audience reactions, but rather do this in relation to horror films. Specifically  he suggested I focus on the psychological, slasher and paranormal subgenres of horror in order to see which subgenre my participants were most affected by. This collaboration of ideas directly related to a TED talk I had watched in which Steven Johnson states that:

“We take ideas from other people, from people we’ve learned from, from people we run into in the coffee shop, and we stitch them together into new forms and we create something new. That’s really where innovation happens.” (Johnson 2010) 

Thus, I took my original idea and through discussion with another class member, developed it into an idea which would focus on both the participant’s reactions to the various genres and participant’s previous exposure to the genre. I wanted to explore the notion that the extent of how much a participant is affected by different horror films is directly related to their previous exposure to the genre.

My study consisted of four participants who have had varying levels of experiences with the horror genre. Sarah and Madeline were my experienced horror movie participants, Dean was my adequately experienced participant, and Georgia who had never watched a horror movie before was my inexperienced participant. For my project, participants had to watch three movies from three selected subgenres of horror; psychological, paranormal and slasher.I filmed their reactions and compiled these into short reaction Youtube videos. I then interviewed them to gain further understanding of their thoughts, feelings and reactions in the media space.

As “ethnography is, by definition collaborative”(Lassiter 2005 p.15),  before engaging any of my participants in this project, I ensured that all ethical principles were upheld in relation to their involvement in this study. Every participant was informed about what the project would entail, that their reactions would be filmed on camera, and that the project would be posted on an online public WordPress blog. I also collaborated consistently throughout the project with my participants to ensure that they were happy with the way they were being presented online.

In conducting my project I had quite a few issues that were resolved with the collaborative help of my participants. The first and foremost problem I encountered directly relates to Thomas Hagerstrand’s conceptual framework of time geography. I faced a number of coupling constraints in regards to scheduling times that suited my participants to watch the films. Sarah and Madeline were not available during the day or late at night. Georgia works two different jobs so scheduling time with her was equally difficult and Dean often had to watch the films late at night after work. I tried to work around their availabilities the best I could as I didn’t want this project to be too much of an interruption to their busy lives. This issue was eventually overcome by group screenings for the participants whose schedules allowed for it.

Another issue I had related to the video editing process. I have only recently purchased a Macbook and have literally no experience with using the apps on it. This made things difficult when I had to edit the reaction clips together. In combination with this,  my phone wouldn’t transfer the clips across which meant I was missing potential reaction footage. Then, once they were transferred I had to teach myself how to use imovie through the help of Google and Youtube. I found this video to be fundamentally helpful. Although my videos are far from polished and I can still learn a lot more about film editing, I think my reaction videos were a good first attempt considering I have never used the medium before.

I think my research although very small, could be replicated on a much bigger scale and analysed by film makers to help understand what elements of a film work best to affect audiences. Although this study is focused on horror, it could easily be adapted to suit other genres in order to find out what aspects of films are most engaging for audiences.

In conclusion, although challenging I really enjoyed undertaking this study. It was a new experience for me to actively collaborate with my participants in order to form a media narrative I, and I’m sure they are proud of. I look forward to future media projects where I can involve my participants as much as possible to further understand the media, audience, and spacial landscape.

-Lizzellbee 🙂


Lassiter, E 2005, The Chicago Guide to Collaborative Ethnography, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Steven Johnson 2010,Where Good Ideas Come From, online video, September, TEDglobal, viewed 25th October 2016, <http://www.ted.com/talks/steven_johnson_where_good_ideas_come_from?language=en&gt;

Witheridge,G 2015, Harerstrand not the irrational man: an analysis of why tumbleweeds have replaced jaffas rolling down cinema aisles,Giverney Witheridge, weblog post, 30th August, viewed 29th October 2016, <https://givernywitheridge.wordpress.com/2015/08/30/hagerstrand-not-the-irrational-man-an-analysis-of-why-tumbleweeds-have-replaced-jaffas-rolling-down-cinema-aisles/&gt;





Horror Reactions in Action

I have always loved the medium of cinema as a platform of expression, not only for those who create film, but also for those who watch and engage with them. I particularly enjoy horror movies and how as a genre they can accurately communicate this expression through audience reactions. As one of my favourite movie directors Alfred Hitchcock famously said, “There is no terror in the bang, only in the anticipation of it” and I believe this is what makes horror films such a unique and valued cinematic experience for audiences.

With these interests in mind, I’ve conducted a small media project to look further into the nature of audience reactions to horror films. The participants watched three different horror films from three different horror subgenres; psychological, paranormal and slasher. I have recorded their reactions to each film and followed the viewing up with a short interview to gauge their thoughts, feeling and reactions to each film.

The participants I included in my study have varying experiences with the horror genre. Sarah and Madeline have watched many horror films and are quite familiar with the themes, tropes and conventions the genre often employs. For this reason I expected them to be the least affected in terms of their reactions to the films content. Dean despite being a massive cinephile hasn’t watched a lot of films in the horror genre, although he is very familiar with the common themes, tropes and conventions. Thus I expected he may react to some elements throughout, or he may not. My last participant Georgia has never been exposed to the horror genre in her life, therefore I expected that she would be the most affected out of my participants as she looked at the content with fresh eyes and  therefore is completely unaware of the tropes and themes that my other participants could see coming.


Psychological- The Shining 

The Shining is a 1980 psychological horror movie directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on the novel of the same title by Stephen King.The Shining focuses on the troubled Torrence family who move to the isolated Overlook Hotel over the winter where the past and present ghosts of the hotel influence the father’s decent into madness and violence. Meanwhile, his son sees horrific premonitions from the past and future. The movie focuses predominately on themes of family, isolation, time and space which Kubrick uses to a distinct advantage throughout the film to create “a sense of ambiguity… because the absence of knowledge makes everything scarier; it feel’s evil and that’s all it needs” (Carl 2013) 

Paranormal- The Ring 

The Ring is a 2002 paranormal horror movie directed by Gore Verbinski. The film centres around an urban legend where viewers of a nightmarish videotape receive a call after watching it, informing them that they will die in exactly seven days. A journalist is skeptical of  the tape until she watches it herself. Now she must unravel the videotapes mystery before her time is up. The central themes of this film are the harmful effects of media (contextually relevant as the Ring was released when media anxieties were high in relation to emerging media forms ie. the internet),the responsibility of parents and guardians and feminine roles.

Slasher- Halloween 2007 remake 

Halloween is a  2007 slasher horror movie directed by Rob Zombie as a  remake of the 1978 cult classic of the same name. Halloween centres around troubled child Michael Myers who on Halloween murders his mother’s partner, his own sister and her boyfriend. Twenty  years later he returns for his baby sister. This movie targets themes of family, insanity and obsession.

Sarah’s and Madeline’s Overall Reactions 

When interviewing Sarah, much like I had predicted she had not been affected by any of the three movies. This is most noticeable throughout the reaction videos as she is often joking about the situations and the characters and doesn’t seem to be emotionally involved in what was happening on the screen. She was also more likely than the other participants to be distracted by her phone or other distractions present in the space.

However while Sarah did not get scared by anything depicted on screen, she did mention in her interview that she was curious as to what was going to happen. This aligns quite closely with a study into the philosophy of horror which states that through horror “curiosity, fascination and our cognitive inquisitiveness are engaged, addressed and sustained in a highly articulated way.” (Carroll 1990)

In terms of interacting with the film, Sarah’s reactions were much more logical rather than emotional. This is shown throughout the videos with her tendency to predict future events of the film. When asked later about this, Sarah indicated that this was because she is intrigued by how closely horror movies follow the stereotypes of that genre. This is to be expected when she is so familiar with the conventions, tropes and themes . In confirmation of my hypothesis Sarah confirmed that she was less scared due to what she described as desensitisation through exposure to the genre.

Similar to Sarah, Madeline stated that she was not particularly affected by any of the movies we watched, but was intrigued by the psychological subgenre and enjoyed The Shining. However, even though she stated that she wasn’t affected by the films, her physiological responses of screaming, covering her eyes, talking back to characters were much more prominent than in other participants, illustrating at least a surface level of emotional involvement with the films. This is clearly demonstrated throughout the reaction videos. When asked about this Madeline said that she gets scared by the movie while she is watching it, but afterwards is not affected by them. like Sarah, Madeline was distracted in slower parts of the movie, looking at either her phone or eating when there wasn’t much going on. This distraction once again is likely due to the fact that she is so familiar with the horror genre that she knows what to expect.

Dean’s Overall Reactions

Dean found himself most affected by the paranormal movie, The Ring. He found this movie to have more mystery and suspense, which in combination with the jump scares made the movie more terrifying. While he was scared by the content of The Ring, overall he found the Shining to be very creepy stating that the quality of the film kept him uneasy even in scenes where nothing was happening. Dean was the least affected by the slasher genre, stating that although entertaining it had more noticeable tropes making it harder to connect emotionally and intellectually with the movie.

When asked about his physiological responses to the film, Dean claimed he did not show any noticeable signs .However there is footage throughout the videos which contradicts this, indicating that these responses were involuntary in their nature.

When asked about distractions, he stated that he was affected slightly by having snacks in the room and a camera pointed at his face. In my observation Dean was the participant who was distracted by the space around him the least, and when he was distracted it was for a significantly shorter period than the other participants.

 Georgia’s Overall Reactions

Georgia was most affected by The Shining, the psychological horror movie. She found the plot, characters and overarching themes to be quite creepy and ‘trippy’. Often throughout the movie she had no idea what was actually going on which contributed to feelings of unease. The creepiest aspects of this film for Georgia were Danny’s premonitions, the twin girls and Jack Torrence’s descent into madness.
As I’ve been friends with Georgia for almost fourteen years it’s no secret that she likes to talk to the characters and predict future events throughout the movie. From my observations I noticed that she was the most talkative during The Shining, which Georgia stated in her interview was because she had no idea what was happening and wanted to know what was happening.
As I had expected, Georgia was my only participant that found herself affected by The Shining after viewing the movie. She stated that she awoke in the night and couldn’t get back to sleep since she kept hearing noises. What I found interesting from Georgia’s interview responses was that she was actually more scared by the thought of watching horror movies than she was when she actually watched them.
I had also thought that she would be affected by all three genres, as she has had no previous exposure to the horror genre. Therefore it was interesting when she said that she didn’t really engage with both The Ring and Halloween due to feeling bored while watching them.  In terms of distraction, like my other participants she was most distracted by her phone and this was predominantly during slow parts of the films.
In conclusion it is clear throughout my analysis that while all my participants to this study were affected by watching these films, there is a great deal of variation in the degree of how affected they were by each film. I believe this is directly correlated to how much prior experience each participant has had with the genre. Sarah was largely unaffected by all three films as she knew what to expect from them. Madeline whilst affected physiologically while watching the movies, was largely unaffected once the movie had finished. Dean who has had limited experience with the horror genre found some aspects affected him whilst others did not. My last participant Georgia was most affected after watching the movie, likely because she is not yet accustomed to horror movies tropes, themes and conventions. Therefore the results of my study directly proved my hypothesis.
How do you react to horror films? I’d love to hear about it in the comments below! 🙂
GIF courtesy of giphy.com

-lizzellbee 🙂


CARL, 2013, The Shining: Review and Analysis, Some Films and Stuff,weblog post, 25th May, viewed 28th October 2016, <https://somefilmsandstuff.com/2013/05/25/the-shining-review-and-analysis/&gt;

Carroll, N 1990,The Philosophy of Horror: Or Paradoxes of the Heart,Routledge, New York.




When will my reflection show, the blog I am Inside?


GIF courtesy of giphy.com 

Throughout the course of my BCM240 subject this semester, I have been trying to maintain an active WordPress blog ‘Lizzellbee’.This has been a platform where I can openly discuss and reflect upon the weekly lecture topics. I particularly enjoy communicating via this medium as it allows me to share my opinions on a range of topics with my readers, in an informative yet casual manner.There are many benefits to blogging and over the nine weeks I have definitely noticed my skills as an effective online blogger developing! (although I still have a long way to go).

Throughout this post I will reflect upon the various strategies I have utilised in curating my online blog to make it more engaging and accessible for readers in terms of functionality, the overall tone of my blog, how I have attempted to engage audiences as well as my strengths and weakness and how I intend to improve this for future blogging practice.

Design and Functionality 

the overall functionality and layout of my blog is very important for capturing a readership and creating an accessible platform  visitors can easily navigate. I have been sure to incorporate categories, tags, tabs and external links into my posts so that visitors can quickly and easily find their way around.I chose my theme from the selection of free themes (I intend to upgrade to Pro for more design opportunities as soon as I have the financial ability to), and tried to pick a theme where the background wouldn’t distract too much from my blog content. I  found this Youtube video, referenced in the Prezi to be very helpful when making these decisions.


I personally find it quite frustrating when I visit a blog that I want to follow, but can’t locate the button to do so. Therefore another important factor I considered in choosing a theme for my blog was the overall accessibility of the like, comment and follow options as when I had used previous themes in the past, these features were not prominent and I found that to seriously affect my readership.  I embedded my twitter feed into the sideline of my blog, to give my readers a chance to connect with me on other social media platforms. I chose however to omit my Facebook and Instagram feed as I generally use this form of media for personal purposes and did not want that content readily available to anyone on my blog.


I aimed to keep the overall tone of my blog posts light and friendly. Although I wanted to convey the informational content needed for my blog posts, I did not want to bog down my readers with a serious informational tone. I tried to incorporate humour throughout my blogs to keep readers entertained and even amused while engaging with my posts. I attempted to achieve this through the incorporation of personal anecdotes, the inclusion of various media forms such as images, GIFS, Youtube videos, as well as frequent references to pop culture. I wanted readers to relate to my content while also learning something that maybe they didn’t know before. The feedback I received from assessment one was that my site was a good foundation with handy features, so I tried to personalise my blog even further to make it even more accessible and engaging.

Audience Engagement 

I find blogging a little bit pointless if there is no one reading the content you produce! I found this article  very useful. It definitely helped me to create more engaging content within my blog posts. A particular piece of advice I found valuable was to ask readers readers questions.

“I often start a blog post or a document with a simple question.The reader considers how they would answer the question and are immediately engaged. They continue reading because they don’t have an answer and want to find out. If they have an answer, they continue reading to see if their opinion is shared by the author. Additionally, ending a blog post with a question is an effective way to get people to leave a comment and become engaged in your post”.(Mitchell 2010)

When I first tried to do this, I was not noticing any difference in the amount of people engaged with my content.I found that this was largely because before you can interact with readers on your blog, you first must draw the readers attention to your blog from other media platforms. I noticed that once I started regularly sharing links to my blogs via Facebook and twitter, that I received more traffic to my site. I  found that being active within the WordPress community also facilitated further engagement. I follow quite a few UOW Bachelor of Media and Communication bloggers and while I read their content I quite often forget to interact with it. This is something I undeniably need to improve on. Perhaps once I engage with others content more, others will engage more readily with my content.

Wherever possible I have tried to reference appropriately, although I do admit that this has been somewhat of a challenge for me. I didn’t know whether just acknowledging the source (when it came to pictures and GIFS) was enough, or whether to use full Harvard referencing even though they provided no informational purpose. This article me to sort this problem out.

“A rather stunning photo. I was quite entranced by it. But the… author gave no indication of the source of the image,not a link,not a caption, not an attribution. They just nicked the image and slapped it in their own work.” (Levine 2015)

After reading the article I decided the most effective way to reference my images and GIFS would be to caption them with a source link. This way if readers wanted to find the image they had easy access to it.

As I mentioned before I have really enjoyed blogging throughout this semester and hope to blog more in other subjects within my course. Over these past nine weeks I have constantly been developing new skills in the areas of content creation and research practices. I want to continue improving my blog design and further develop audience engagement to gradually grow my blogging community in the future.

-Lizzellbee 🙂


Levine, A 2015, In which I resign from a brief stint as an attribution cop,cooldogblog,blog post, 30th June, viewed 4th October 2016, <http://cogdogblog.com/2015/06/brief-stint-attribution-cop/&gt;

Mitchell, S 2010, 1o ways to make content more engaging, content marketing institute, blog post, 5th October, viewed 4th October 2016, <http://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2010/10/make-content-more-engaging/&gt;

The Verge 2015,’How filmmakers manipulate our emotions using colour’,YouTube video, 11th October, viewed 4th October 2016, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZZgiSUyPDY&gt;




Facebook Scrollers Anonymous

Hi my name is Elizabeth and I’m not afraid to admit that I am a serial Facebook scroller. Something you should know about me is that I am a chronic procrastinator. No matter how dedicated I am to achieving something, my very limited attention span always leads me somewhere else… hence why in a previous post  I refer to myself as the queen of tabs. It’s a serious problem! I could already be five minutes late for work and i’ll still be scrolling, fixated on the tiny screen in front of me.

giphy (2).gif
image courtesy of giphy.com

As my boyfriend has a similar attention span to me when faced with multiple media devices, I thought he would be the perfect candidate to test my informal experiment on. This experiment came at a perfect time too as he had an assignment he needed to complete. The test itself was very simple. I situated Dean in a space (his bedroom) that had access to multiple media devices.

These being:

  • His laptop, with multiple tabs open
  • My laptop, also with multiple tabs open
  • His Phone, un-muted and fully connected to wifi
  • His Television, playing Screen Junkies videos from Youtube (he’s obsessed with movies)

I then observed him for a total of 30 minutes, recording each distraction and which device had caused this distraction to occur. Through this experiment I hoped to discover what media device caused the most overwhelming distraction to his study. These were the results:


As is illustrated in the graph, the two top distractions were the content on my laptop (Facebook) and the TV. I found the results of my laptop being the most distracting media device interesting although not totally surprising. When someone is sitting in such close proximity as I was, and when they have a much more engaging web page open, then naturally human curiosity draws your attention to what the other person is doing. It is worth noting that I did not actively seek his distraction, but rather he chose to be distracted himself. This correlates quite closely with the 2013 study by Sana et al.  which states that

“It may be the case that a student sitting nearby a cell phone user…may be less distracted than if this student were sitting nearby a laptop user…cell phones are less salient both visually (smaller screens) and auditorially (touch screens instead of keyboard presses).” 

This likely explains why Dean was more interested in my laptop screen than he was his own. However I think that many other factors come into play apart from physical influences when it comes to the concept of attention/distraction. For example that individuals specific interests definitely play a part.

Dean enjoys movies, so naturally he’s going to be more attuned to the TV than if Antique Roadshow was playing. Likewise if I had been watching beauty tutorials on my laptop, would he have been as interested in my screen?

Another factor when it comes to distraction would definitely have to be the time in which this test was conducted.  When I conducted this test, his Facebook messaging and newsfeed was relatively inactive which resulted in less distractions. However if I were to conduct this test again later at night as opposed to in the middle of the day, I guarantee he would probably be more distracted by his phone.

These are just some of the questions I would like to explore further and perhaps could even serve as inspiration for my digital narrative research project. One thing for certain is that attention/distraction is an extremely subjective issue in that what distracts one person may not distract another. I definitely want to look deeper into this phenomenon.

Regardless, it’s time for me to “swallow the frog” and quit distracting myself!

I would like to know what it is that distracts you? let me know in the comments!

-Lizzellbee 🙂


Sana, F, Weston,T,Wiseheart,M 2013, ‘Laptops hinder classroom learning for both users and nearby peers’,yorku.ca, viewed 14th September 2016, <http://www.yorku.ca/ncepeda/laptopFAQ.html&gt;




Georgia and the (Ethical) Photo Troll

For my blog post this week I would like to talk about my good friend Georgia. To give you a bit of background we have been the best of buds since her family moved from South Africa and became our next door neighbours. Something that has remained a constant throughout our friendship growing up, and has become somewhat of a third wheeler in most of our hangouts is our mobile phones.Like most people we use our mobile phones in public places, quite often (despite judging other people who do the same). Be it at the movies, out for lunch, shopping or even travelling on public transport, our phones are never far from us. A recent example of this was my 20th Birthday.

So anyone who knows Georgia knows that she absolutely HATES people taking spontaneous photographs of her… and anyone who knows me knows that I’m that troll of a friend who tries to take the most horrendous pictures possible. Now Georgia who is no novice to my ways, plans. This often results in photos such as this one:


But every now and again she lets her guard down and when she is unaware, the troll (ie me) strikes!


*David Attenborough voice* Observe how the native Georgia interacts in the public arena by pulling out her phone and scrolling through her feed, deliberately isolating herself from the pack.

Now unfortunately as a waitress, this is a situation I am way too familiar with.I can not tell you the amount of times I have had to awkwardly stand by the table waiting for someone to get off their phone so I could take their order. One story that particularly springs to mind was the time that I was beckoned to a customers table to take their order. Well, halfway through their order they received a “very important phone call” and proceeded to make me wait almost fifteen minutes until they had finished their conversation!

This is a rare moment captured of Georgia, as like me she tries to be aware of her public phone use,especially around other people.However this image clearly demonstrates private media practice. Although she is in a public restaurant and surrounded by other people, she is choosing to engage with her mobile device in a private manner by not sharing the content she is viewing with those around her or even discussing it.

Since I initially took this photo without Georgia realising, the ethics behind this photography could appear to be questionable. But, as she is my best friend she is aware that it is my duty to have a range of horrible photos in my phone of her, and she knows that if she asked me to delete any of these photos that I would oblige without a second thought. it’s worth also mentioning that she has some pretty shocking photos of me also.  However, before composing this blog I sought her permission to include these photos, and had she not wanted me to include them of course I would omit them from my blog. I have also shown her the draft of my blog, to ensure that she approved of everything I wrote about her, particularly the inclusion of personal details.

I took this extra step as under Australian law while you do not require the express permission of those within the photograph (if captured in a public space), it is ethical to inform them if they are a focal point of the image or if they could be portrayed somewhat differently due to the context you place your photo within.

For better or for worse the mobile phone and other media devices are becoming a big part of our nature of interaction with public spaces, both individually and with one another. Therefore it is important that we are responsible practitioners of media and make ethical decisions when engaging with our mobile phones in public (and private spaces).

-Lizzellbee 🙂



Star Wars:Time Geography Awakens!

In early December last year, I had a memorable cinematic experience… like most memorable experiences it begins with a gift. My boyfriend is a massive Star Wars fan, and since Star Wars: the Force Awakens was due to be released soon, I thought I would be organised for once in my life and booked tickets in advance for the 9am Gold Class session Bondi Junction.

Image Courtesy of screenrant.com

I thought we would be able to see the movie no problems – save for slight transport delays courtesy of City Rail, but MAN WAS I WRONG. Advance bookings are usually an excellent idea! You can choose whatever cinema location, film, date and time suits your schedule plus you don’t have to queue for tickets when you arrive (a VERY important factor for new release films). However, I  advise against booking tickets to a movie you really want to see if you receive any inclination that something will go wrong. In my case Mother Nature was quite literally cooking up a storm.

In December last year, strong winds, heavy rains and storms swept NSW causing damages to homes and businesses alike, including the collapse of the roof of Westfield Bondi Junction.

Flash forward to the night before… I’m curled up with my boyfriend and his family on the couch when we see a similar news report to the one above. Despite my boyfriend’s assurance that “everything will work out”, immediately I think the worst. We won’t be able to see the movie because surely the cinema will be closed for repairs. However, the news reporter assures us that Event cinemas will re-open for the morning sessions of Star Wars tomorrow. Contented with a Google search that yields similar results, we sleep pleased that we will be seeing the movie after all.

Unfortunately after travelling to Bondi we arrived the next morning to find a closed complex, with no Event staff in sight. A single sign out the front stated: “Due to damages incurred to Westfield Bondi Junction, Event cinemas has cancelled all screenings of Star Wars: The Force Awakens until 12.30 pm, as this session is SOLD OUT previous sessions will not be permitted to join. Sorry for the inconvenience.” Our optimism crushed we almost resigned to the fact that we would not be seeing this movie… but my boyfriend had an ingenious idea! We would simply (and very quickly) find another session elsewhere.

Hoyts cinemas: Entertainment Quarter Moore Park had precisely two seats available, but they were selling fast! We bought tickets and encountered another obstacle, transport to get us there ASAP.We decided that catching a taxi was the most viable option. We literally ran to the Hoyts complex hoping to make the previews, and just when I thought the physical exercise was over we learned that the entertainment quarter contained TWO Hoyts complexes and we were in the wrong one. We dashed to the other side of the quarter, making it just in time for the start of the movie.

GIF courtesy of giphy.com

Now let’s analyse this movie experience according to Hagarstrand’s Time Geography Theory. In the 1960’s Thomas Hagarstrand developed a sophisticated tool to demonstrate individual movement in space and time. He identified three categories of constraints;

Capability Constraints- the limitation on human movement due to physical or biological factors such as the need to sleep or eat.(Hagerstrand 1970, cited in Schonfelder & Azhausen 2010, p.38).

 ‘A person can not be in two places at the same time.. a certain trade off must be made between space and time.’ (Corbett 2001)

  • We had to travel to various locations in order to see the movie. First by train to Bondi Junction, Then Taxi to the Entertainment Quarter, then by foot to the first and second Hoyts complexes.
  • We had to purchase a second set of tickets, which impacted upon our financial resources.

Coupling Constraints- Restrictions on the autonomous allocation of time due to the need to coordinate with institutional logistics (schedules or given locations) or interactions with other individuals (appointments or meetings). (Hagerstrand 1970, cited in Schonfelder & Azhausen 2010, p.38)

  • We had to rush to the entertainment quarter to align with Hoyts scheduled screening time.
  • We had to show up in the correct location, as opposed to the other Hoyts cinema, which was not screening Star Wars.

Authority Constraints- The limits on when activities can or cannot take place, or where they must or must not be located, imposed by external parties. (Hagerstrand 1970, cited in Schonfelder & Azhausen 2010, p.39).

  • Being initially unable to see the movie due to Event cinemas closing.
  • Presenting our tickets as proof of purchase.
  • Sitting in assigned seats.
  • The expectation of silence.

In the end Hoyts cinemas turned out to be the better option. Despite the journey, we got to see the movie we had been waiting for! It was a failed movie experience that turned successful. As my boyfriend always says, “Everything will work out”, and indeed on that day it did!

-Lizzellbee 🙂


Corbett, J 2001,’Torsten Hӓgerstrand, Time Geography.’,CSISS Classics,University of California, Santa Barbara, pp.2

Schonfelder, S & Axhausen KW 2010, ‘Time, Space and Travel Analysis: An Overview’, in S Schonfelder & KW Axhausen (eds), Urban Rhythms and Travel Behaviour: Spatial and Temporal Phenomena of Daily Travel, Ashgate Publishing Company, Surrey, p.29-48.





Internet! Meet my parents….

A little over two weeks ago, I interviewed my parents on their experiences of television in their households while growing up. This week I turned to them once again to discuss their memories and experiences of the Internet. From when the internet first joined our family to now. However, as my dad is a massive technophobe and has no real experience with the internet at all (despite working for Telstra), he respectfully withdrew himself from the conversation. So my sole contributor for this week is my mum, who despite her similar fears has embraced technology and the world of the internet.

The internet first joined our household in the form of the dial up cable in 1998. As my brother and I were quite young, we had no use for the internet…yet.

In its infancy, my mother recalls using the internet for work purposes and particularly remembers how frustratingly slow it was to use. She also remembers how annoyingly high pitched she found the dial up tone. You also couldn’t use the phone at the same time, which meant that complaints would often arise between my parents when someone had to use the phone/internet.

As little kids, my brother and I learnt all about computers and the internet from library lessons at school. However, despite my mother being a primary school teacher she wasn’t privy to the same information we were, which honestly made for some hilarious stories.

She told me about how when she was first understanding the basics of email and had sent an email to a work colleague about her boss. But due to not fully understanding the mechanics of email, accidentally sent the email directly to her boss. Luckily her boss found it as funny as I did and lucky for my mum that the email wasn’t hate mail . Safe to say that to this day she always double checks the recipients section before sending off anything.

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GIF courtesy of blog.getresponse.com

My mum has always lacked internet and computer skills but she has come a long way from then to today and has even joined Facebook, even if she is still working out what a newsfeed is. The funniest story happened quite recently while my parents were travelling overseas. They wanted to stay in contact with me via Facebook messaging, which was fine. What was not fine was that they had (without looking at the profile picture) sent a request to another person with the exact same name as me and messaged this poor person telling all about their fabulous european holiday. I then received a message request from a Lizzie Bridges who told me my parents were trying to find me and that she had no idea who they were!

GIF courtesy of giphy.com

The presence of the internet has definitely changed the spatial dynamics of our household. Instead of all watching the TV together in the lounge room and sitting through a program and adds that we don’t want to watch,  we now have the option of watching Youtube, Netflix etc in separate rooms. For example due to my mum’s injured back she can’t sit in the lounge room for long extended periods of time, so she much prefers to lay down in her room and watch the latest series on Netflix. My dad on the other hand sits in the lounge room but will likely be watching something via ABC iview that he missed earlier in the week. My brother is usually playing some sort of online game, connected with his mates on Xbox one which also has access to the internet. and me? I’m usually holed up in my room desperately trying to catch up on uni work, whilst doing a million and one distracting things at the same time. I AM A TAB QUEEN (100+ record).

the Internet (as much as my dad hates to admit it) is a massive factor of our household. We use it all the time, every day and at all hours.When we got ADSL2+ we were quite literally saved from arguing with one another over who had the more valid cause for internet use. Beforehand if too many people were using the internet at the same time it became very slow and I for one can not deal with that pressure when I am working on an assignment deadline.

There’s no doubt that the introduction of the internet has catered for new affordances in the way in which we engage in the home space, and i’m positive that the technological advances that are yet to come will facilitate and influence the household space even further.

Do you have any hilarious internet mistakes you or your parents have made that you wish to share with me? I’d love to hear about them in the comments section below!

-Lizzellbee 🙂

Naive Blogger | UOW Communications and Media Student |